Careful management and feeding of birds ensure that illness is kept to a minimum, but there will be occasions when sickness is unavoidable. Wholesome maladies are fairly simple to recognize and treat, there are many that aren’t. When in doubt, consult your local veterinary surgeon.
The best treatment available for a sick bird is the prompt provision of heat. Reliable hospital cages may be purchased. Most birds possess a body temperature of 40°C (104°F). As soon as a bird becomes ill, its body temperature drops drastically and this must be avoided at all costs.
The hospital cage should be set at 24°C (76°F). Normally a mild antibiotic also helps, but care should be taken with any medicine since overdosing can prove fat-al. Adequate fwd supplies and favored tidbits shucked placed in the hospital cage to encourage the sick bird to eat. Plenty of boiled drinking water should he made available
Reduce the temperature gradually when the bird shows active signs of recovery. Lire light in the hospital cage should be left on 24 hours a day to allow the bird to feed whenever it desires. Once the bird is eating well again, it is a sure sign that it is recovering, but it should not be allowed to rejoin the aviary until it is back to its normal self.
When using your hospital cage makes sure the perches are placed close to the floor or removed entirely if the sick bird isn’t strong enough to perch. When the bird is able to grip again, they may be replaced. The bird’s ability to perch prop-early again is another sign of improve-mint.
ABSCESS – Parrot like species often de-flop abscesses around the care or beak area. These may be confused with tumours. They must only he removed by a veterinary surgeon and an antibiotic applied to prevent reinvention. They cane caused by bacterial agents.
ASPERGILLOSIS – This condition results from a lack of hygiene and is caused byte bird inhaling an airborne fungus called Aspergillums fumigates. It occurs mostly in the larger kinds of parrot like bird, but it can affect small parrakeets, although not usually budgerigars. Difficulty in breathing may be accompanied by a discharge from the bird’s nostrils. Some fanciers add potassium iodine toothier birds’ drinking water (21/2 grains to4 tablespoons of water) as a preventative.
ASTHMA – The symptoms are wheezing and heavy, labored breathing. Sump-toms may develop following a cold. Other causes of asthma include infection of the lungs and air sacs, aspergillus’s (see above) and the inhalation of pollen or poisonous fumes. This condition may take several months to eradicate. A bird with asthma will usually be seen to have gaping beak and ruffled feathers. The bird’s sinus passages often become clog-geed and treatment should consist of decongestant cold remedy and a medium strength inhalant administered every day. These remedies may be purchased in the correct strength for birds from pet stores or supplied by a veterinary surgeon. Electric vaporizers may be used to ease the application of the inhalant. Par-rackets and budgerigars are the most likely types to suffer from this complaint.
BLEEDING – This must he stopped promptly with the use of a blood coagulant, such as hydrogen peroxide, applied with damp cotton wool.
BROKEN BONES – A broken wing soften the result of a night fright when bird flies into something in the dark. Broken leg can be the result of a bird catching a leg in aviary netting. Most birds recover from these fairly easily on their own without any treatment. Broken wings, however, sometimes result in permanent deformity which may affect bird’s flying ability. The bird should he placed in a hospital cage with its perch near the floor. The enforced idleness prevents the bird from using the affected part. Slings and splints are not always effective, but if desired, a splint can beamed from lollipop sticks or feather quills.
BUMBLEFOOT – Finches and softballs sometimes stiffer from this painful condition, particularly in old age. The feet become swollen and lumpy deposits re-assembling cheese appear on them. Since the treatment involves making small incisions in these substances and gently squeezing out the mass, it should be done extremely carefully. A blood coagulant should also be applied. It is advisable to have this done by a veterinary surgeon; asset is very painful for the bird. Shock or heart failure could result if it is not done properly.
COCCIDIOSIS – An uncommon disease caused by a microscopic organism calledCoccidia. It affects the intestines. The bird becomes weak and emaciated and may have bloody diarrhea. Sulphur drugs may be added to the drinking water, but it is difficult to cure and spreads alarmingly rapidly. It should not occur if good hygiene is practiced; par-titular care is needed in hot weather.
COLDS – Place the bird in a hospital caveat the first sign of a cold. The temperature should be set at 25°C (80°F). A bird withal cold sits with its feathers puffed out, in hunched position. The eyes may water and appear to be half closed. If severe catarrh is present, the bird opens and closes its beak frequently. Lack of appetite usually accompanies a cold. A mild cold remedy may be obtained from your pet store and an inhalant is also useful. Anew vitamin drops and a little honey maybe added to the drinking water.
CONJUNCTIVITIS – A painful eye inflammaton caused by a virus, fungi, bacteria or some other irritant. Unaffected bird rubs its eye on a perch; blinks a great deal and there may be watery or yellowish discharge from the eye. Prompt treatment by a veterinary surgeon with an antibiotic should help.
CONSTIPATION – The bird will be seen to be straining and any droppings passed may be small, dry and hard. Greenfoodand Vitamin B added to the drinking water help. Two tablespoons of blackstrap molasses mixed into a quart of distilled water and given to the bird to drink also helps.
CROP IMPACTION – The crop can be-come blocked by food or as a result of digestive disorder. A swelling appears on the lower neck and the bird appears to betraying to vomit. Surgery is usually necessary.
DEAD-1N-SHELL – Many different factors may account for the chicks of breed-in birds being found dead in their shells. One or both parents may be immature or too old. It may be caused by a genetic factor or dietary deficiency in certain vitamins and minerals, such as B and Regroup vitamins. Toxic substances may be responsible, such as DDT ingested by the parents at some time. The egg shell mayhem too thick or the chick stuck to the inner membrane. There may be a failure by the parents to incubate the egg properly or alack of humidity. Try to establish the cause.
DIARRHOEA – This condition is usually symptom of other illness and is rarely caused by a diet problem. Two tables-peons of black strap molasses in a quarto distilled sweater may be given to the bird to drink. If no improvement is noticed within a few days, consult your veterinary surgeon.
EGG BINDING – Egg Binding is a very common problem, occurring frequently in young hens, and occasionally in mature hens. The bird is seen to be straining as though constipated. She is unable to expel the egg and once her strength is exhausted, death may quickly follow. The vent is puffy and swollen and the egg can he felt by touching around the area very gently with the forefinger. No pressure should be applied. Gentle bathing with warm water around the vent and a little warmth may help. This condition may be prevented by mixing a little cod liver oil with seed mixture for hard bills. Cold weather can also cause this problem, so young hens should not be allowed to breed in particularly cold weather. Prevent the associated condition of soft shelled eggs by providing plenty of cuttlefish bone and grits. Inadequate diet, lack of calcium and exercise often give rise to both these conditions in mature hens. Always pro-vide a mineral supplement for breeding birds.
EGG SAC RUPTURE – Egg Sac Rupture is caused when the hen expels not only the egg, butte egg sac membrane or oviduct as well. The egg must be gently forced through the opening and the membrane eased back into the vent, with a linger moistened with a saline solution to prevent infection of the delicate tissues.
ENTERITIS – Symptoms are inflammation of the small intestine normally accompanied by diarrhea. Droppings are watery and often green. The birdseeds to drink a great deal and eat large sixties of grit. The vent is messy and the bird can lie seen to be straining. Infectious enteritis is very dangerous and can destroy a whole aviary if the affected bird is not isolated at once. Overcrowd-in and dirty conditions are the usual cause. New imports that have not been properly acclimatized may bring this in-faction with them, so never add a new bird to your stock without keeping it separate for as long as 30 days. If enteritis’s present, it is usually evident within awake. Use bird must be placed in hospital cage and given a medication containing sulfa mechanize. The hospital cage most be disinfected after use.